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Monday, February 27, 2017

GMP Violations @ Specifications | Testings | Follow written procedures | Prevent mix-ups |

This warning letter summarizes significant violations of current good manufacturing practice (CGMP) regulations for finished pharmaceuticals. See 21 CFR, parts 210 and 211.

Because your methods, facilities, or controls for manufacturing, processing, packing, or holding do not conform to CGMP, your drug products are adulterated within the meaning of section 501(a)(2)(B) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act), 21 U.S.C. 351(a)(2)(B).

During our inspection, our investigator observed specific violations including, but not limited to, the following.

1.    Your firm does not have, for each batch of drug product, appropriate laboratory determination of satisfactory conformance to final specifications for the drug product, including the identity and strength of each active ingredient, prior to release (21 CFR 211.165(a)).

For example, you have not tested any of the (b)(4) patches you manufacture to determine the identity, purity, or potency of each active ingredient prior to release.

2.    Your firm failed to test samples of each component for conformity with all appropriate written specifications for purity, strength, and quality (21 CFR 211.84(d)(2)).

For example, you have not tested incoming active pharmaceutical ingredients or other components you use in manufacturing (b)(4) patches to determine their identity, purity, and potency.

3.    Your firm failed to establish and follow written procedures for cleaning and maintenance of equipment (21 CFR 211.67(b)).

For example, you did not have cleaning procedures for the manufacturing equipment you use to make (b)(4) patches. During the inspection, our investigator observed rust and unidentified (b)(4) residue on your (b)(4) and other manufacturing equipment.

4.    Your firm failed to establish written procedures to prevent mix-ups and cross contamination by physical or spatial separation from operations on other drug products (21 CFR 211.130(a)).

For example, our investigator observed (b)(4) of unlabeled (b)(4) patches of different sizes and colors co-mingled on a table awaiting final packaging, which could lead to product mix-ups during packaging operations.

5.    Your firm delayed, denied, or limited an inspection, or refused to permit the FDA inspection.

You limited FDA’s inspection because you refused to provide FDA with records related to suppliers of components and products that you repackage at your facility. 

Although you provided the names of two of your suppliers, you refused to provide documentation to show the identities of components or products you obtained from these suppliers, or whether these suppliers performed appropriate release testing on the materials before you received them. Refusing to provide records requested by the FDA investigator that FDA has authority to inspect is considered limiting an inspection.

When an owner, operator, or agent delays, denies, limits, or refuses an inspection, the drugs may be deemed adulterated under section 501(j) of the FD&C Act. See FDA’s guidance, Circumstances that Constitute Delaying, Denying, Limiting, or Refusing a Drug Inspection, available online at

FDA Sampling and Testing of your Products

FDA collected samples of your product during an inspection of a customer’s facility. FDA tested  samples of (b)(4) ((b)(4) ointment (b)(4)%). FDA laboratory analysis showed that they samples of your product were sub-potent for the labeled active ingredient, containing an average potency of 69.0% of the label claim.

Consultant Recommended

In your response to the Form FDA 483, you committed to (b)(4). In addition, you committed to engaging a contract laboratory to test drug products distributed to the United States in 2016, and you provided some reports of test results. However, the reports you provided are inadequate because they omit critical information about the tests your contract laboratory performed, such as relevant drug product specifications, and details about the methods used.


Violations cited in this letter are not intended as an all-inclusive list. You are responsible for investigating these violations, for determining the causes, for preventing their recurrence, and for preventing other violations.

Source: FDA
 GMP News, GMP guidelines, GMP Violations, GMP warnings, GMP Trends. A Public Health Global News Portal. (This story has not been edited by GMP Violations staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.) Disclaimer: The Logos/Images & content posted here are belongs to respective to Authority / owners of firm. The Article posted under public health importance news.


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